How to understand basics of crochet – tips from Gran

When you start to crochet it is a must to learn the basics which include, how to handle the hook, work jointly, chain stitch, slip knot, and crochet a single row. From there you can build on your skills as you would your project.

Before you learn any of that, you need to understand the crochet language used in most patterned instructions. Patterns use abbreviations of the terms and stitches used to facilitate the process – a bit like decifering code. A good pattern will include a minimum of one picture and a key to understand special abbreviations, more advanced and intricite pieces may have special abbreviations to indicate a specific stitch process.

An example of basic terms:

beg = Beginning

bet  =  Between

bk lp = Back loop

ch = chain

ch-  = previous chain

cont = Continue

dc = double crochet

dec = decreasing

dtr = double/triple crochet

ft lp = Front loop

hdc = half-double crochet

inc = Increasing

lp = loops

How to hook: To hold your hook you would start with a pencil. The hook may have a resting finger, which you can locate your thumbs to gain control.

How to work in union: Once you have a hold on your hook, weave the thread/yarn so that your, left fingers have control, and can be used to apply pressure. Once you begin your project – aka ‘work’ – you want to use your thumb and centre left finger to press the stitches.

How to slip knot: You want to form a shape like a pretzel by looping your yarn about, allow the loose ends to drop, fallen behind your loop. Pull the ends of your yarn without pulling too tight. This can also be achieved by looping an end around two fingers in a figure eight and slipping  one loop inside the other.

How to chain stitch:On your hook position a slipknot and use your hands, i.e. centre left finger and the thumb to hold the yarn in place. Wrap your yarn first up and then over your hook starting at the back and moving to the front. You will need to familiarize your self with this procedure, since it is a basic crocheting technique known as yoh = yarn over hook or Yarn over Yo sometimes referred to as “the yo”.

Now pull the yarn using your hook bringing it through the lp (loop). When you yarn over Yo and combine it with lp, it forms a ch (Chain). Continue until the stitches that form a chain is even. Near your work area, hold your chain and continue twisting whilst avoiding counting the loops on your hook. Concentrate instead on even motions and strokes once you have the stitches will flow easily.

How to crochet a single line: Beneath your crown loops – the row of chain stitches –  insert your hook at the second chain away from your hook and begin Yarn over Yo crocheting. You should continue to stitch between the two loops. Continue the yarn over process and pull your yarn through the chain to make two loops on your hook. Continue the Yo process again and pull the yarn through the other two loops.

Watch this video to get a visualised idea of what you are doing with your fingers.

Once you complete your hook, work, slipknots, chain stitch, single line, etc, you will need to learn how to double crochet, half-double, triple; slip stitch, back loop, popcorn stitch, etc. Behind the steps is the process of working back loops, chain space, stitches between, and about the post.

How to double stitch: To double crochet you will need to perform the yarn over Yo steps and then insert your hook into the third chain away from the Yo and hook. Next, pull your yarn so that it goes through your chain and three loops at the hook. Continue the Yarn over steps and pull the yarn through the next two loops. Again, continue the Yarn over and pull the yarn through the remaining two loops.

How to half double: Conduct the yarn over steps and insert your hook so that it goes into the second chain away from your hook. Yarn over and string your yarn through the third loops.

How to triple crochet: Yarn over a couple of times and insert your hook so that it goes into the fourth chain away from the hook. Yarn over and stretch your yarn through the chain and the fourth loop at your hook. Yarn over, stretch the yarn through the second loops at the hook, and finish your three time steps.


Regular Glass Ornaments And Glass Christmas Ornaments

Glass Christmas ornaments are one of the objects that contributes the most to the decorative style during holiday Christmas periods. They are not solely meant to be made at home but can also be designed for a school classroom assignment. Plain glass Christmas ornaments are very cheap and can be found almost anywhere such as in holiday or craft stores, which in turn makes the creation of well decorated glass Christmas ornaments also very affordable. When they are purchased, glass ornaments are in a clear state. This makes it very easy to use them on any chosen occasion or moment of the year such as weddings, birthday parties, and others.

To make a well decorated glass ornament, an individual must follow a process of several steps.

  1. The first part of the process consists of protecting the work area with old towels or sheets of magazines.
  2. The second part of the process is to remove the metal or plastic loop that retains the ornament cap, and then use the fingers to also remove the ornament cap. The individual needs to make sure that the ornament cap is kept safely in some place.
  3. The third part of the process consists of using 1 ounce of gold paint into a medicine cup made with plastic and then drop that paint inside the glass ornament through the opening located at the top of the ball. Do the same thing for the silver paint or any other paint colors that are available.
  4. The fourth part of the process is to take the first glass and gently shake it just so the paint inside start swirling together and display a two-tone effect. Repeat this step for as many glass ornaments as available.
  5. The fifth part of the process consists of spreading iridescent glitter inside the opening of the ball ornament for as much as desired and then re-swirling the glass ornaments as done in the previous step.
  6. The sixth part of the process is the storage of the glass ornaments for one day at a secured location where traffic is limited, especially kids’.
  7. The final part of the process consists of substituting the ornament cap and attaching a chiffon ribbon around the ornament cap. The chiffon ribbon is usually in gold or silver color.

The more complex the glass Christmas ornament is the more style and elegance are added to the Christmas tree that holds it. The purchase of glass Christmas ornaments with complicated decorations can be quite pricy in Christmas stores. For this reason, it is better that a person try to design their own. The process for making intricate glass Christmas ornaments is relatively similar to the one needed to create regular glass ornaments. The only differences come from the fact that they use two new materials: other colors and acrylic paint. Indeed, a tablespoon of acrylic paint must be added through the opening of the glass Christmas ornament and then well scattered inside the ball by doing swirling movements.

There are many ideas that can be applied for self-made glass ornaments: painted glass balls, mini bottles, recycles glass ornaments, and sea glass ornaments. When deciding to buy transparent glass ball ornaments, a person must know that the majority of the paint might peel off even before the end of the event for which the ornaments were made. To prevent such a thing from occurring, the person should get a special glass craft paint or use enamel paint which is normally designed for smooth surfaces. Mini bottles may also be used as decorative ornaments. They just need to be tied to a ribbon and sprinkled with the type of glitter that fits the occasion.